“At the end of 1991, the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan escalated into war. Between 1992 and 1994 almost 20 percent
of the Azerbaijan’s territory, including six districts of Azerbaijan in addition to Nagorno-Karabakh, were under Armenian
control, resulting in mass population displacement within the country. The State estimated the number of internally displaced
persons at 778,500 by the end of 1993, and 604,574 as of 1 March 1998. UNHCR estimates are lower, with 551,000 persons at the
end of 1997.
“More than 568,000 persons from western regions of Azerbaijan under Armenian occupation since 1993, including 42,072 from
Nagorno-Karabakh, remained displaced within the country. Most were displaced from regions just outside Nagorno-Karabakh,
including Fizuli (133,725 persons), Aghdam (128,584 persons), Lachin (63,007 persons), Kalbadjar (59,274), Jabrayil (58,834
persons), Gubadli (31, 276), Zangilan (34,797), Terter (5,171) and Adjabedi (3,358).” (USCR 2000)
“More than 600,000 displaced Azerbaijanis constitute the largest group of IDPs in the Caucasus. The displaced include the
entire Azerbaijani population of Nagorno-Karabakh and a wide area surrounding it. They comprise a broad range of professionals,
farmers, and workers and include men, women, and children of all ages. In terms of the ethnic basis of displacement in Azerbaijan, the IDPs are all Azerbaijani people.